Step 14: Custom CSS and Theme Colors

介绍

Sometimes we need to define some more fine-granular layouts and this is when we can use the flexibility of CSS by adding custom style classes to controls and style them as we like.

1.练习效果

Step 14: Custom CSS and Theme Colors - 第1张  | 优通SAP

2.源码

You can view and download all files at Walkthrough – Step 14.

webapp/css/style.css (New)

We create a folder css which will contain our CSS files. In a new
style definition file inside the css folder we create our custom
classes combined with a custom namespace class. This makes sure that the styles will
only be applied on controls that are used within our app.

A button has a default margin of 0 that we want to override: We add a custom margin of 2px (or
0.125rem calculated relatively to the default font size of 16px) to the button with the style
class myCustomButton. We add the CSS class sapMBtn to make our selector more specific: in CSS, the
rule with the most specific selector “wins”.

For right-to-left (rtl) languages, like Arabic, you set the left margin and reset the right margin as the app display is inverted. If you only
use standard SAPUI5 controls, you don’t need to care about this, in this
case where we use custom CSS, you have to add this information.

In an additional class myCustomText we define a bold text and set the display to inline-block. This time we just define our custom class without any additional selectors. We do not set a color value here yet, we will do this in the view.

3.webapp/manifest.json

In the resources section of the sap.ui5 namespace, additional resources for the app can be loaded. We load the
CSS styles by defining a URI relative to the component. SAPUI5 then adds
this file to the header of the HTML page as a <link> tag, just like in plain Web pages, and the browser loads it
automatically.

4.webapp/view/App.view.xml

The app control is configured with our custom namespace class myAppDemoWT. This class has no styling rules set and is used in the definition of the CSS rules to define CSS selectors that are only valid for this app.

We add our custom CSS class to the button to precisely define the space between the button and the input field. Now we have a pixel-perfect design for the panel content.

To highlight the output text, we use a FormattedText control which can be styled individually, either by using custom CSS or with HTML code. We add our custom CSS class (myCustomText) and add a theme-dependent CSS class to set the highlight color that is defined in the theme.

The actual color now depends on the selected theme which ensures that the color always fits to the theme and is semantically clear. For a complete list of the available CSS class names, see CSS Classes for Theme Parameters.

5.Conventions

  • Do not specify colors in custom CSS but use the standard theme-dependent classes
    instead.

     

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