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2019
08-29

ABAP常用函数汇总

ABAP_DOCU_DOWNLOAD

Download ABAP documentation in HTML format.

APPL_LOG_DELETE

With this function module you delete logs in the database according to specified selection conditions

APPL_LOG_DISPLAY

With this function module you can analyze logs in the database.

APPL_LOG_DISPLAY_INTERN

With this function module you can analyze logs in local memory, e.g. when you have only collected log records at runtime and do not want to write to the database.

APPL_LOG_INIT

This function module checks whether the specified object or sub-object exists and deletes all existing associated data in local memory.

APPL_LOG_READ_DB

With this function module you read the log data in the database for an object or sub-object according to specified selection conditions.

APPL_LOG_READ_INTERN

With this function module you read all log data whose log class has at least the specified value, from local memory, for the specified object or sub-object.

APPL_LOG_SET_OBJECT

With this function module, you create a new object or sub-object for writing in local memory. With a flag you can control whether the APPL_LOG_WRITE_… messages are written in local memory or are output on the screen.

APPL_LOG_WRITE_DB

With this function module you write all data for the specified object or sub-object in local memory to the database. If the log for the object or sub-object in question is new, the log number is returned to the calling program.

APPL_LOG_WRITE_HEADER

With this function module, you write the log header data in local memory.

APPL_LOG_WRITE_LOG_PARAMETERS

With this function module, you write the name of the log parameters and the associated values for the specified object or sub-object in local memory. If this function module is called repeatedly for the same object or sub-object, the existing parameters are updated accordingly. If you do not specify an object or sub-object with the call, the most recently used is assumed.

APPL_LOG_WRITE_MESSAGE_PARAMS

With this function module you write a single message, with parameters, in local memory. Otherwise the function module works like APPL_LOG_WRITE_SINGLE_MESSAGE.

APPL_LOG_WRITE_MESSAGES

With this function module you write one or more messages, without parameters, in local memory.

APPL_LOG_WRITE_SINGLE_MESSAGE

With this function module you write a single message, without parameters, in local memory. If no header entry has yet been written for the object or sub-object, it is created. If you do not specify an object or sub-object with the call, the most recently used is assumed.

ARFC_GET_TID

will return the IP address of the terminal in hex.

BAL_CNTL_CREATE

Create Control for log display

BAL_CNTL_FREE

Release Control

BAL_CNTL_REFRESH

Put new data in log display

BAL_DB_DELETE

Delete logs from the database

BAL_DB_DEQUEUE

Unlock log

BAL_DB_ENQUEUE

Lock log

BAL_DB_LOAD

Load logs from the database

BAL_DB_LOAD

Load log(s)

BAL_DB_SAVE

Save logs in the database

BAL_DB_SAVE

Save log(s)

BAL_DB_SAVE_PREPARE

Prepare save

BAL_DB_SEARCH

Find logs in the database

BAL_DSP_LOG_DISPLAY

Display messages in memory

BAL_DSP_LOG_DISPLAY

Display Log

BAL_DSP_LOG_PARAMETERS

Either output extended long text or call a callback routine (based on the data in BAL_S_LOG-PARAMS)

BAL_DSP_LOG_TECHNICAL_DATA

Output all log header data

BAL_DSP_MSG_LONGTEXT

Display message long text

BAL_DSP_MSG_PARAMETERS

Either output extended long text or call a callback routine (based on the data in BAL_S_MSG-PARAMS)

BAL_DSP_MSG_TECHNICAL_DATA

Output technical data of a message such as work area, error number, etc.

BAL_DSP_OUTPUT_FREE

End output

BAL_DSP_OUTPUT_INIT

Initialize output

BAL_DSP_OUTPUT_SET_DATA

Set dataset to be displayed

BAL_DSP_PROFILE_DETLEVEL_GET

Message hierarchy in DETLEVEL

BAL_DSP_PROFILE_NO_TREE_GET

Display without tree (fullscreen)

BAL_DSP_PROFILE_POPUP_GET

Display without tree (popup)

BAL_DSP_PROFILE_SINGLE_LOG_GET

Standard profile (SLG1) for one log

BAL_DSP_PROFILE_STANDARD_GET

Standard profile (SLG1) for a lot of logs

BAL_GLB_AUTHORIZATION_GET

Assign authorization

BAL_GLB_AUTHORIZATION_RESET

Reset authorization

BAL_GLB_CONFIG_GET

Read configuration

BAL_GLB_CONFIG_SET

Set configuration

BAL_GLB_MEMORY_EXPORT

Put function group memory in ABAP-MEMORY

BAL_GLB_MEMORY_IMPORT

Get function group memory from ABAP-MEMORY

BAL_GLB_MEMORY_REFRESH

(Partially) reset global memory

BAL_GLB_MEMORY_REFRESH

(Partially) initialize memory

BAL_GLB_MSG_CURRENT_HANDLE_GET

Get current message handle

BAL_GLB_MSG_DEFAULTS_GET

Get message defaults

BAL_GLB_SEARCH_LOG

Find logs in memory

BAL_GLB_SEARCH_MSG

Find messages in memory

BAL_LOG_CREATE

Create log with header data

BAL_LOG_CREATE

Create log with header data

BAL_LOG_DELETE

Delete log (from database also at Save)

BAL_LOG_EXIST

Check existence of a log in memory

BAL_LOG_HDR_CHANGE

Change log header

BAL_LOG_HDR_CHECK

Check log header data for consistency

BAL_LOG_HDR_READ

Read log header and other data

BAL_LOG_MSG_ADD

Put message in log

BAL_LOG_MSG_ADD

Put message in log

BAL_LOG_MSG_CHANGE

Change message

BAL_LOG_MSG_CHANGE

Change message

BAL_LOG_MSG_CHECK

Check message data for consistency

BAL_LOG_MSG_CUMULATE

Add message cumulated

BAL_LOG_MSG_DELETE

Delete message

BAL_LOG_MSG_DELETE

Delete message

BAL_LOG_MSG_EXIST

Check existence of a message in memory

BAL_LOG_MSG_READ

Read message and other data

BAL_LOG_MSG_REPLACE

Replace last message

BAL_LOG_REFRESH

Delete log from memory

BAL_LOG_REFRESH

Delete log from memory

BAL_MSG_DISPLAY_ABAP

Output message as ABAP-MESSAGE

BAL_OBJECT_SELECT

Read Application Log objects table record

BAL_OBJECT_SUBOBJECT

Check whether object and subobject exist and the combination is allowed

BAL_SUBOBJECT_SELECT

Read subobject table record

BP_EVENT_RAISE

Trigger an event from ABAP/4 program

BP_JOBLOG_READ

Fetch job log executions

CHANGEDOCUMENT_READ_HEADERS

Get the change document header for a sales document, and put the results in an internal table.

Example:

      CALL FUNCTION ‘CHANGEDOCUMENT_READ_HEADERS’

           EXPORTING

                objectclass = ‘EINKBELEG’

                objectid    = l_objectid

                username    = space

           TABLES

                i_cdhdr     = lt_cdhdr.

      LOOP AT lt_cdhdr WHERE udate IN s_aedat.

        CALL FUNCTION ‘CHANGEDOCUMENT_READ_POSITIONS’

             EXPORTING

                  changenumber = lt_cdhdr-changenr

             TABLES

                  editpos      = lt_editpos.

        LOOP AT lt_editpos WHERE fname = ‘LOEKZ’

                           AND   f_new = ‘L’.

          p_desc = text-r01. ” Cancel Contract

        ENDLOOP.

      ENDLOOP.

               

CHANGEDOCUMENT_READ_POSITIONS

Get the details of a change document, and store them in an internal table. This will tell you whether a field was changed, deleted, or updated.

Example:

      CALL FUNCTION ‘CHANGEDOCUMENT_READ_HEADERS’

           EXPORTING

                objectclass = ‘EINKBELEG’

                objectid    = l_objectid

                username    = space

           TABLES

                i_cdhdr     = lt_cdhdr.

      LOOP AT lt_cdhdr WHERE udate IN s_aedat.

        CALL FUNCTION ‘CHANGEDOCUMENT_READ_POSITIONS’

             EXPORTING

                  changenumber = lt_cdhdr-changenr

             TABLES

                  editpos      = lt_editpos.

        LOOP AT lt_editpos WHERE fname = ‘LOEKZ’

                           AND   f_new = ‘L’.

          p_desc = text-r01. ” Cancel Contract

        ENDLOOP.

      ENDLOOP.

               

CLAF_CLASSIFICATION_OF_OBJECTS

Return all of the characteristics for a material

CLOI_PUT_SIGN_IN_FRONT

Move the negative sign from the left hand side of a number, to the right hand side of the number. Note that The result will be left justified (like all character fields), not right justifed as numbers normally are.

CLPB_EXPORT

Export a text table to the clipboard (on presentation server)

CLPB_IMPORT

Import a Text Table from the Clipboard (on presentation server)

COMMIT_TEXT

To load long text into SAP

CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_INPUT

converts any number into a string fill with zeroes, with the number at the extreme right

Example:

input  = 123

output = 0000000000000…000000000000123

CONVERSION_EXIT_ALPHA_OUTPUT

converts any number with zeroes right into a simple integer

Example:

input   = 00000000000123

output  = 123

CONVERT_ABAPSPOOLJOB_2_PDF

convert abap spool output to PDF

CONVERT_OTF

Convert SAP documents (SAPScript) to other types.

Example:

CALL FUNCTION “CONVERT_OTF”

       EXPORTING    FORMAT                = “PDF”

       IMPORTING    BIN_FILESIZE          = FILE_LEN

       TABLES       OTF                   = OTFDATA

                    LINES                 = PDFDATA

       EXCEPTIONS   ERR_MAX_LINEWIDTH     = 1                  

                    ERR_FORMAT            = 2

                    ERR_CONV_NOT_POSSIBLE = 3

                    OTHERS                = 4.

CONVERT_OTFSPOOLJOB_2_PDF

converts a OTF spool to PDF (i.e. Sapscript document)

CONVERT_TO_FOREIGN_CURRENCY

Convert local currency to foreign currency.

CONVERT_TO_LOCAL_CURRENCY

Convert from foreign currency to local currency

DATE_CHECK_PLAUSIBILITY

Check to see if a date is in a valid format for SAP. Works well when validating dates being passed in from other systems.

DATE_COMPUTE_DAY

Returns a number indicating what day of the week the date falls on. Monday is returned as a 1, Tuesday as 2, etc.

DATE_GET_WEEK

will return the week that a date is in.

DATE_IN_FUTURE

Calculate a date N days in the future.

DAY_ATTRIBUTES_GET

Return useful information about a day. Will tell you the day of the week as a word (Tuesday), the day of the week (2 would be Tuedsay), whether the day is a holiday, and more.(provided by Francois Henrotte)

DOWNLOAD

download a file to the presentation server (PC)

DYNP_VALUES_READ

Read the values from a dynpro. This function can be used to read the values from a report’s selection screen too (Another example).

DYNP_VALUES_UPDATE

Similar to DYNP_VALUES_READ, this function will allow the updating of fields on a dynpro. Very useful when you want to change a field based on the value entered for another field.

ENQUE_SLEEP

Wait a specified period of time before continuing processing.

ENQUEUE_ESFUNCTION

Lock an abap program so that it cannot be executed.

Example:

Set the parameters as follows:

  RELID = ‘ZZ’

  SRTF2 = 0

  SRTF = (your report name)

Please note that you should not use SY-REPID to pass your report name to the function. The value of SY-REPID will change as it is being passed to the function module, and will no longer hold the value of the calling report.

EPS_GET_DIRECTORY_LISTING

return a list of filenames from a local or network drive

EPS_GET_FILE_ATTRIBUTES

Pass in a filename and a path, and will return attributes for the file

F4_DATE

displays a calendar in a popup window and allows user to choose a date, or it can be displayed read only.

F4_IF_FIELD_VALUE_REQUEST

Use values from a DDIC table to provide a list of possible values. TABNAME and FIELDNAME are required fields, and when MULTIPLE_CHOICE is selected, more than one value can be returned.

F4IF_INT_TABLE_VALUE_REQUEST

F4 help that returns the values selected in an internal table. Very handy when programming your very own F4 help for a field.

Example:

  data:

    begin of t_values occurs 2,

      value like kna1-begru,

    end of t_values,

    t_return like ddshretval occurs 0 with header line.

  t_values = ‘PAR*’.

  append t_values.

  t_values = ‘UGG’.

  append t_values.

  call function ‘F4IF_INT_TABLE_VALUE_REQUEST’

       exporting

            retfield        = ‘BEGRU’

            value_org       = ‘S’

       tables

            value_tab       = t_values

            return_tab      = t_return

       exceptions

            parameter_error = 1

            no_values_found = 2

            others          = 3.

  if sy-subrc = 0.

    read table t_return index 1.

    o_begru-low = t_return-fieldval.

    if o_begru-low = ‘PAR*’.

      o_begru-option = ‘CP’.

    else.

      o_begru-option = ‘EQ’.

    endif.

    o_begru-sign = ‘I’.

    append o_begru to s_begru.

  else.

    o_begru = i_begru.

  endif.

                   

F4IF_SHLP_EXIT_EXAMPLE

documents the different reasons to use a search help exit, and shows how it is done.

F4IP_INT_TABLE_VALUE_REQUEST

This function does not exist in 4.6 and above. Use F4IF_INT_TABLE_VALUE_REQUEST instead.

FILENAME_GET

popup to get a filename from a user, returns blank filename if user selects cancel

FORMAT_MESSAGE

Takes a message id and number, and puts it into a variable. Works better than WRITE_MESSAGE, since some messages use $ as a place holder, and WRITE_MESSAGE does not accommadate that, it only replaces the ampersands (&) in the message.

FTP_COMMAND

Execute a command on the FTP server

FTP_CONNECT

Open a connection (and log in) to an FTP server

FTP_DISCONNECT

Close the connection (and log off) the FTP server

FU CSAP_MAT_BOM_READ

You can use this function module to display simple material BOMs. You cannot display BOM groups (for example, all variants of a variant BOM). as in transaction CS03. Current restrictions: You cannot display long texts. You cannot display sub-items. You cannot display classification data of BOM items for batches. You can only display one alternative or variant. You cannot enter an alternative for module CSAP_MAT_BOM_READ, so you always see alternative 01. The following example came from a posting on the SAP-R3-L mailing list.

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